Whistleblowing in World War One

(Extract from “The War Memoirs of David Lloyd George”)

The wounded in WW1 Mesopotamia were brought downriver to Basra in “Hospital Ships”.

A Whistleblower Reports His Concerns:

“We are reluctant to describe the details of the condition in which many of the wounded arrived at Basra, on account of their sickening horror; but we deem it necessary to quote one witness on this subject, because it brings home the appalling nature of the sufferings which were thus glossed over by the authorities. Major Carter, I.M.S., who was in medical charge of the hospital ship “Varela” at Basra, waiting for the wounded from Ctesiphon, thus describes the arrival of one of the river convoys.
“I was standing on the bridge in the evening when the “Medjidieh” arrived. She had two steel barges without any protection against the rain, as far as I remember. As this ship, with two barges, came up to us I saw that she was absolutely packed, and the barges too, with men. The barges were slipped, and the “Medjidieh” was brought alongside the “Varela.” When she was about 300 or 400 yards off it looked as if she was festooned with ropes. The stench when she was close was quite definite, and I found that what I mistook for ropes were dried stalactites of human fæces. The patients were so huddled and crowded together on the ship that they could not perform the offices of Nature clear of the edge of the ship, and the whole of the ship’s side was covered with stalactites of human fæces This is what I then saw. A certain number of men were standing and kneeling on the immediate perimeter of the ship. Then we found a mass of men huddled up anyhow – some with blankets and some without. They were lying in a pool of dysentery about 30 feet square. They were covered with dysentery and dejecta generally from head to foot. With regard to the first man I examined, I put my hand into his trousers, and I thought that he had a hæmorrhage. His trousers were full almost to his waist with something warm and slimy. I took my hand out, and thought it was blood clot. It was dysentery. The man had a fractured thigh, and his thigh was perforated in five or six places. He had apparently been writhing about the deck of the ship. Many cases were almost as bad. There were a certain number of cases of terribly bad bed sores. In my report I describe mercilessly to the Government of India how I found men with their limbs splinted with wood strips from “Johnny Walker” whisky boxes, “Bhoosa” wire, and that sort of thing.”

Before the Geneva Convention forbade it, we see Hospital Ship “Mejidieh” here delivering armed troops to the front!

Cover Up of Failures:

“We will now see how the evacuation of the wounded, resulting in such appalling conditions, was officially described by the General Officer Commanding the Expedition. We append two telegrams on the subject:-

From- Secretary of State for India To- General Nixon, Basra. Dated December 4th, 1915.

C.243. On arrival wounded at Basra. Please telegraph urgently particulars and progress.

From – General Nixon, Basra. To- Secretary of State for India. Dated December 7th, 1915.

940/28/A. Your C. 243. Wounded satisfactorily disposed of. Many likely to recover in country, comfortably placed in hospitals at Amara and Basra. Those for invaliding are being placed direct on two hospital ships that were ready at Basra on arrival of river boats. General condition of wounded very satisfactory. Medical arrangements under circumstances of considerable difficulty worked splendidly.”

Whistleblowing Policy:

Major Carter was not exactly thanked for submitting his observations.

“He was treated with great rudeness. General Cowper told us that, ‘I threatened to put him under arrest and said that I would get his hospital ship taken away from him for a meddlesome interfering faddist.'” (“Faddist”:- “One who seeks and adheres briefly to a passing variety of unusual beliefs.”)

A Whistleblower’s Woes

A Whistleblower’s Woes.

A summary written for my Solicitor on the day I resigned in July 2009.

(with some later updates)


Tell-tale tit, your tongue shall be slit”

..from a nursery rhyme.

  • March 1980: I joined 307 Field Ambulance RAMC, Territorial Army, subsequently training to Combat Medical Technician Class 1 and gaining the rank of Corporal.

  • April 1987: I began Nurse Training to RGN.

  • August 1990: I was registered as a General Nurse.

  • September 1990: I began working as a Staff Nurse for Lancaster Health Authority, (latterly known as University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay Trust).

  • I have worked continuously as Full-Time Staff Nurse for the Trust, since 1990, with the exception of a six month period in 1996, during which I was called up, by the Territorial Army Medical Services, for service as a Medic in the Civil War in The Former Yugoslavia. I was attached to the Parachute Regiment as Med. Corporal in charge of a British Army Base Medical Centre in the world’s most heavily-mined town.

  • 1997: I moved to Ward 23 at Royal Lancaster Infirmary, a 24-bed both genders ward: the Acute Stroke Unit. We also see Rheumatology, Medical Rehabilitation, and Acquired Brain Injury, as well as a wide variety of other medical conditions in patients aged between 13 & 103 years old.

It was never my ambition to become a “Whistleblower”. I wouldn’t have known what it meant. Rather, that role grew around me as my experience of caring increased my awareness. Starting on little whistles led on inexorably to bigger whistles, as a growing determination to have things done well led me into conflict with some other staff. In fact it was bosses that first termed me “whistleblower” when they sent me a copy of their Whistleblowing Policy. I’d never heard of it before &, as it turned out, neither had they!

In early 2003, a colleague confided in me that an Auxiliary Nurse had told her that she needed some strong painkillers for her son, who had injured his hand in a fight. He had chosen not to seek medical help, for fear of the Police learning of his involvement. Over-the-counter analgesia being insufficient, she intended to steal stronger “Kapake”, a Prescription-Only medicine, from the ward drugs cupboard. When I next worked with this nurse, I counted the boxes of this drug in stock. Later that night, I found that one box had gone missing. I searched the woman’s bag and found the tablets there. I reported this to Night-Sister straightaway. It was over 12 months before the Trust finally dismissed the woman. Before this conclusion, it became obvious that, somewhere along the course of management’s procedures, confidentiality had been breached. My informant colleague was shunned and “sent to Coventry” by other staff, at work and elsewhere, receiving anonymous threats of violence & death by telephone. A Police call-recording tracing device was put on her phone-line. Objects were thrown into her garden at night. She was forced to take time-off sick. She still today feels disadvantaged at work, because of the part she played. I would later receive an “Admonishment” from the Nursing Director for not sharing my suspicions before the theft!


During this lengthy nightmare, as I arrived home after dark, my neighbour warned me that a car had earlier driven into the yard at the side of my house. It spent 20 minutes parked there, engine running, without the occupants attempting to ring my doorbell, before driving off just a minute or two before I arrived. Living, as I do, in a remote farmhouse, she expected that I would have passed the vehicle, on the long driveway in. I realised that this was the car I had just seen, behaving suspiciously. I had stopped at a junction, when a car, coming away from the farm at speed, braked violently as it passed me, mounting the kerb and skidding to a halt on the grass verge, some 50 yards beyond the junction. As I drove on away from the junction, I watched in the mirror as the car made a violent U-turn in the road, accelerating to follow me aggressively, very close, for about 400 yards, before falling behind. My name had also been divulged and I was being targeted for intimidation. I logged the incident with Police next day, who assured me that the son was now in custody. A few days later, a newspaper told that the woman’s son had been imprisoned for Grievous Bodily Harm in an assault on a female. But the woman has two sons, as well as a husband! I felt exposed, frightened and resentful, but knew nothing of Whistleblowing provisions at that time. Neither did management, it seems!

And this is the life of a nurse?! Some ignorant people think it “Cissy” to be a nurse. Which kind of nurse would you be?

A Cissy?          

or a Whistleblower?                     

Hospitals are only an intermediate stage of civilization.” Florence Nightingale.

In May 2005, working as Night Duty Staff Nurse on Ward 23 at Royal Lancaster Infirmary, I began to notice that an alarming number of “drips” ( Intravenous or Subcutaneous Fluid infusions ), which were prescribed to be given to very poorly and dependant patients, were being left in the closed position, i.e. not being administered because the giving-set clamp was switched off. In the normal course of events, one might expect, in a year, to find one or two such that had been left turned off by mistake. Now I was finding up to three in a single shift.

iv roller clamp

Realising that something was amiss, I set about finding the cause. I realised that these incidents were affecting only those patients cared for by Staff Nurse A and were apparent only on those occasions when my shift followed those on which she had been in charge of twelve of the ward’s patients.

On one night, S/N A was giving me details of a particular patient, during “handover” as I took over the ward. I became suspicious when she told me, in a manner more detailed than was usual from her, that “you might find that his infusion has run through. It was running behind (time), so I speeded it up.” I went straightaway to that patient and found that his infusion had been switched off at the roller lock at the very moment that the bag had emptied and before the giving-set chamber had run down. This implied that a member of staff had been aware that a fresh unit was required. I took the view that S/N A had turned off the infusion and had not attempted to continue it, concealing her omission by that incoherent report.

In early June 2005, I found an opportunity to talk to S/N A about these incidents. Believing we were not overheard, I asked her if she was having any difficulty with giving fluids, as I had found a number of “drips” turned off. I expected a denial or at least any of a number of possible excuses. However, I was shocked to hear her say, “Well, he is terminally ill. What are you doing when you give these patients fluids? You are just killing them slowly, aren’t you?”

At that moment, another nurse, Staff Nurse B, having heard the exchange, emerged from the Treatment Room, close by, and walked past saying to me, “Well she’s right, isn’t she?”

So there are two of them then!

It matters not that S/N A should protest her own opinion of this man’s “terminal” state. The fact remains that a Doctor had taken the decision to prescribe fluids and her clear duty was to carry out those instructions.

On 4th June 2005, I told a Junior Sister, Sr. C, about my discovery. She told me “Russell, I can’t do anything about that unless you put it in writing!” I felt obliged to make a hand-written report during the following night and handed it to Sr. C next morning, 5th June 2005.

I did not see Sr. C again for several months, because she took promotion to another area, but I do know that she passed on my report to the Ward Manager, Sr. D. When I started work one night, Sr. D told me “I read your letter. I’m sure it was happening, but A has resigned.” I assured her that it was indeed happening. She said nothing more. Nevertheless, I expected that Management, or even the Police, would want to, at least, discuss the report with me, if not take further details; but I would not be contacted again concerning this matter, until the report itself became the subject of my second Grievance dated 31.11.2008.

On 23rd September 2006, I was on night duty on Ward 23 RLI. As I began work on the ward, a patient, Mr DS, a young man who was suffering confusion and difficulty with communication as a result of a serious head injury, repeatedly tried to gain access to the locked Controlled Drugs, “CD”, cupboard. He had a history of drug abuse. I could not understand what he was trying to tell me and I was unable to persuade him to desist. Time after time, I was forced to return to the Treatment Room to ask him to leave. He became very animated and his speech more confused on each occasion. I was unable to afford him the time it might have taken to explore his feelings.

At about 21.45hrs, I saw him enter a six-bedded female area. I followed and found him begging aggressively for cigarettes from a frightened female patient. I asked him to leave and followed him out. He turned suddenly and threw himself at me, head-butting me in the face and bringing his knee upwards into my groin with great force. It is difficult to account for the next minute or two, but after a considerable effort, I pushed him to the floor in a store room, sitting on his chest to restrain him. I was unable to call other staff for help as I was shocked and out of breath. I suffered a split upper lip, a laceration to my right forearm and bruised painful testicles, as well as general aches and pains from the volley of blows that I had received. DS was uninjured.

At 06.30hrs on the following morning, 24th September 2006, Mr DS came out from his bedroom and immediately ran at me throwing punches. I wrestled him to the ground and held him there until other staff arrived. During this attack, I received painful exacerbation of a previous neck injury, which resulted in time off work and required physiotherapy treatment. The patient was again uninjured. I found out later that DS had been told that he had his own tobacco, locked in the CD cupboard for safekeeping. No-one had thought to inform me of this arrangement and DS was unable to explain to me.

I suffered a considerable amount of stress following the assaults, the episode being the more regrettable, because it could have been so easily avoided. It is my opinion that upset arose more from the anguish of being forced to treat my poor patient with such violence, as the situation dictated, while trying to remain in the role of nurse, than from the violence done to me. I had some difficulty reconciling my mixed feelings. I concluded that circumstances had forced me to behave in a wholly uncharacteristic manner.

The way in which these incidents were handled by management would come in for comprehensive criticism later, from the Independent Investigator of my first Grievance of 31.01.2008.

I believe these events were continuing to have effect upon my motivation, when I met with my Ward Manager Sr. D for Appraisal on 8th November 2006. She recorded that “This was probably the worst appraisal I have ever participated in. Russ has now reached his lowest ebb and now seriously questions his continuation within the nursing profession…………..Russell is a very hard-working staff nurse who has always been valued as part of Ward 23 team. He has a considerable amount of input to the day to day working of the ward. I will support him in any way I can.”

I received no support of any kind. Her kindly observations would not prevent her from attempting to discredit me later, during the investigation of the first Grievance.

But still worse was yet to come!

On 11th January 2007, I arrived at Ward 23 for the night-shift to learn that we would again be short-staffed. The Staff Nurse who had been in charge during the afternoon, S/N B, stated that she was willing to continue working until 04.00hrs to “help you guys out”. I could instantly see that her choice of leaving-time owed more to her personal preferences than any thought of ward requirements, but nonetheless appreciated her immediate assistance. The more usual offer of help from a member of Day Staff would have been to stay on until, say, midnight, leaving after patients had been settled and medicated. Night Sister was informed of the arrangement when she visited the ward during the evening and suggested that it would be unnecessary for S/N B to continue after 02.00hrs, as she herself would be in a position to give assistance after that time. This clearly did not please S/N B, but she agreed. At 02.00hrs, Night Sister came to the ward and told S/N B that she was free to leave. S/N B remained on the ward chatting about inconsequential matters until asking me to watch her cross the car park to her car at 02.35hrs. I could see that she was not happy at being told to leave in advance of her planned time. Had she been allowed to continue until 04.00hrs, she would have been able to claim a whole shift off during that week without incurring any time owed. Regardless of the above, and that she was contracted to work 30 hours per week; she actually worked only 27 hours during that week, yet still saw fit to claim 6 and a half hour’s night enhancement, for a night on which she was on night duty for only 5 hours. No adjustment for the shortfall was entered in the Time Owing Book to this effect. I have copies of the Duty Roster for that week, as well as S/N B’s Time-sheet submitted by her at month end. I contacted Internal Audit Department to report this after I saw that the pay claim had been authorised by Sister D.

On 5th February 2007, I met a Trust Fraud Investigator in the Internal Audit Dept. to provide her with my evidence. I gave her copies of the documents and made a statement to her about the above events. Aiming to provide some context in addition, I related a history of S/N B’s past misconduct. The incidents I had mentioned had all been reported and “dealt with” earlier. The Fraud Investigator took the impression that I was making a first report of those events, a number of which had occurred some years earlier. While she then busied herself with investigating the allegation of fraud, she referred the clinical incidents first to the Head of Medicine Directorate, who passed the matter to the Director of Nursing, from whom it passed in turn to the Modern Matron. Promised an independent and confidential investigation, I was already becoming alarmed at the growing number of participants, when, on 19th February, I received an email requesting evidence, from Matron, which had been copied to my Ward Manager Sister D, breaching confidentiality!

The Trust Fraud Investigator had quickly concluded that “although it was possible that a minimal amount of time had been claimed and possibly not worked, the allegations could not be proved and the investigation costs would totally outweigh the possible gains.”! She did all this without reference to the Time Owing Book and wasted no time on my suggestions to examine other weeks’ records for shortfalls that were not adjusted in the Time Owing Book. There were several such easily identifiable examples of similar fraud. In a workplace that frequently warns of “Instant Dismissal!” for pilfering milk or an apple, I found this attitude to misappropriation of over £35 discreditable. Sr. D maintained that “B did not falsify her timesheet. In fact when I investigated I found she had in fact claimed for half an hour less than she worked.” This view puts her at odds with the “Counter-Fraud Specialist” of Internal Audit, who agreed that S/N B had apparently worked only 27 of 30 hours during the week in question. In her testimony to the investigator, Sr D talks of a “flexible arrangement” with S/N B’s working hours. She “understands” that “it may have been difficult for (me) to appreciate the whole picture”. I would put it that, as she had no way of knowing when S/N B was relieved of duties that night, it carries no weight that she carried out her own investigation. In effect, all she is telling us is that she merely checked B’s pay-claims against what B said she had worked. Unsurprisingly, they (almost) matched!

It may seem a strange principle to enunciate as the very first requirement in a hospital is that it should do the sick no harm” Florence Nightingale.

Then four days after making my report to Internal Audit, I witnessed yet another instance of clinical misconduct by S/N B.

Lab guinea pigs

Laboratory Guinea Pigs

On the evening of 9th February 2007, I listened to Staff Nurse B as she “handed over” her patients to me. Dealing with one patient, “GW”, she proudly told me that she had recently qualified to pass naso-gastric feeding tubes on patients with swallowing difficulties (common in Stroke patients) and had been hoping to find a patient who required one. She glowed with pride as she told me to “let Sister D know” that she had successfully demonstrated her new skill on GW. She admitted “I shouldn’t have, he’s already had four inserted and pulled them all out”. The clinical protocol, as it was understood on Ward 23, required that patients should be tried with NG tubes on no more than three occasions, because, if they show a tendency to remove tubing, there will exist a risk that a tube only partially removed might allow fluid to pass into the lung(s) resulting in life-threatening Aspiration Pneumonia. At this point, I made no comment, but lowered my spectacles to stare over them in a mixture of disbelief and disapproval. Revealing that she was aware of my misgivings, she hurriedly defended her action by saying that the relatives had been pressing for it and that in any case she had “got a Dietician to authorise it”. When I reached GW, I immediately recognised that he was slumped down in the bed, very flushed, and hyperventilating. As we lifted him up the bed, he vomited and I had the feed pump switched off. His temperature was in excess of 39 degrees. I immediately administered oxygen at a high rate and called the doctor, who diagnosed Aspiration Pneumonia, prescribing high doses of two intravenous antibiotics. I observed that the Dietician had emphasized that the feed should have been given during the “Daytime Only” by marking the chart accordingly. It ought not to have been started as it was, during the late evening, set to run for fifteen hours, during which period the patient would not be as aware as he might. I reported this to Sister D, when she came on duty in the morning. She looked shocked and concerned, commenting “I don’t know how she can justify passing another NG on him.” She would later tell the Independent Investigator when questioned, “I haven’t seen anything in writing about this. I recall the incident but not the allegation re B. I wish I had written something down about this at the time.” Clearly, she saw no reason to pass on her immediate concerns to management herself at the time.

Despite my recounting the events and producing documentary evidence to Modern Matron at a meeting on 24th May 2007, investigation of this incident had still not been commenced when my Grievance was reported on in April 2008. The incident was described by the Independent Investigator as “gross misconduct, as by failing to follow the clinical protocol a patient’s life was put at risk.” The Trust did not reveal to me that patient GW had died some ten days later. I only discovered that fact when the HR Director assured Police, in 2015,  that there was “nothing to suggest that his death was in any way affected by the alleged procedure carried out by (Nurse B)“. His Death Certificate lists 1. “CVA” (Stroke) & 2. “Aspiration Pneumonia” as causes. A review of the death, carried out (without informing relatives) by the Trust a full 7 years Post Mortem, revealed that, original notes having been destroyed, the microfilmed page of notes referring to the NG Incident had somehow become illegible on microfilming. The Trust Chief Nurse carried out this review & suggested, optimistically, that the patient “may” have had Aspiration Pneumonia on admission. If that were the case, it went undiagnosed throughout!

Previous incidents concerning B’s clinical practice had been made known to Sr. D in the past. On one occasion, while helping an elderly lady to bed, a pair of scissors had protruded through a hole in S/N B’s uniform pocket and stabbed the patient in the leg. The leg became very badly infected and swollen requiring treatment with IV antibiotics; the patient being very ill, confused and agitated for several weeks. This was common knowledge at the time and must have been documented in the patient’s paperwork. In addition, of course, the Ward Sister will have insisted on a “Clinical Incident Report” being completed, to detail the occurrence. Yet Sr. D does not know of “any specific incidents that led (her) to be concerned about B’s competence”. I regarded this “accident” as criminally careless, especially when, some weeks afterwards, I saw B with unprotected scissors still poking menacingly from the hole in her pocket.

doctors & nurses

“Let’s play Doctors & Nurses.”

On one memorable night shift, I found myself short-staffed again and was sent a very young and inexperienced Auxiliary Bank Nurse to help us. At one point she reported to me that a dressing on the sacral area of a patient had become detached. I asked her to lay the patient on his side for the meantime and I would tend to him when I had finished giving out medications. Later, I asked the young nurse to help me and she watched as I cleaned a dressings trolley and loaded it with the sterile stores and antiseptic we would require.

She asked me why I was doing all this, so I began explaining the need to avoid cross-infection. Halting me in the middle of my lecture, she explained that she had only asked because, on the previous night, she had worked Ward 23 with another Staff Nurse, when the same dressing had fallen off. On that occasion, she had watched the Staff Nurse use her scissors to poke the packing from the old dressing back into the patient’s wound; then replace the scissors into her pocket, without even cleaning them!

bloody scissors

I should point out now that this practice is not acceptable under any circumstances, before taking into account that the patient in question was known to suffer from Hepatitis C. This is a transmissible, incurable and deadly blood-borne virus. People infected with Hepatitis C virus often show no symptoms initially, but long term effects can include liver damage and cancer. The virus is transmitted by infected body fluids, and needle sharers are at particular risk. Scissor sharers can probably be included as well. It should come as no surprise to the reader to learn that the previous night’s Staff Nurse was B.

Of course, I reported the young lady’s story, (she had indicated her willingness to bear witness), to Sister D on the following morning. She told me “Well, B has identified dressings as one of her weaknesses in Appraisal.” I hold that such recklessness constitutes much more than “weakness” in an experienced Senior Staff Nurse. I never saw that young Bank Nurse again and now believe that she was excluded from Ward 23 by its jealous Ward Manager for her whistleblowing. Within days, I was hearing, from my colleagues, that S/N B had been questioning them about my smoking habits, trying to discover whether I was in breach of Trust anti-smoking policy. I realised that, in all probability, Sr D had spoken to her about her wound-care, and, in so doing, had breached confidentiality, provoking B’s attempts at retaliation.

When questioned about this incident by the Independent Grievance Investigator in March 2008, Sister D told him, I do not remember being told about this.” This unretentive Sister therefore felt able to maintain, in writing to the Grievance Investigator, that she did not know of “any specific incidents that led (her) to be concerned about B’s competence”.

From late February 2007, after learning of Matron’s breach of confidentiality, I realised that I was ill. I had difficulty sleeping and went over and over the events endlessly in my thoughts. I could concentrate on little else, could hardly remember what I had done the day before and lost interest in my usual pursuits, including socialising. I was unable properly to tend to the daily necessities of living. I told my GP who signed me off sick suffering from Stress / Anxiety. I remember protesting “I am not stressed, I’m just worried, that’s all!”

During April and May 2007, I attended Counselling sessions at the Occupational Health Dept. with no resulting improvement in my sleep pattern. Later I was urged by Occ Health Dept. to undergo a course of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. I agreed principally to pass the time while waiting endlessly for completion of the Grievance Investigation. The notes of these
“Confidential” sessions were subsequently submitted in evidence by the Trust to Employment Tribunal, …evidence of what was never revealed.

On 24th May 2007, I attended a meeting with Modern Matron , a HR Officer and a union rep. I explained the details of the above incidents and produced photos of some documents in support. Matron suggested that these issues might be the result of a “personal” difference. I denied this, pointing out that my reports concerned entirely professional matters. I learned that Sr.D had left her post on Ward 23. As she would tell the Independent Grievance Investigator in March 2008, “I resigned my ward manager post because of this. I don’t know why Russell did not tell me about his suspicions”. A thoughtful reader of this history may be able to answer her question for her. The evasive Sr.D continues to work for the Trust as a Clinical Lead Sister, on another ward.

I returned to work on Ward 23, during June / July 2007, on “phased return” building up weekly hours to full-time on day duty. Quickly finding myself in charge of the care of 12 patients, I found the ward chronically under-staffed and unbearably busy. I could not cope with the telephone ringing all day, confused handover reports, endless interruptions, ordered meals not turning up, working with bank and relief staff not familiar with the ward, etc. etc. I also found it difficult to trust other staff. I could not discuss my problems with them. My sleep problems returned and I found I could not continue. I saw the Occupational Heath Doctor who diagnosed Stress / Depression. Again I protested, “I’m not depressed. I’m just fed up!” He recommended that I try anti-depressants, “We have lots of staff on them!” I declined the offer.

happy pills

I was eventually persuaded by my GP to try a course of anti-depressant medication, which did no more than cause me to feel detached, aimless, forgetful and drowsy, without improving my ability to sleep. My GP discontinued the treatment and told me that he believed my condition to be “Reactive Depression” i.e. caused by external factors beyond my control. The Occupational Health Physician saw me on 23rd July 2007 and agreed that I was suffering from Stress/Anxiety. I have remained on certified sickness leave since July 2007. I have received Temporary Injury Allowance from the Trust since May 2008, and currently receive Incapacity Benefit, as well as Industrial Injury Disablement Benefit, assessed to be “psychologically disabled”, as a result of the Stress arising from the above circumstances.


In January 2008, at a “Sickness Absence Review Meeting” with a “HR Business Partner” and Matron, I was threatened with dismissal, unless I returned to work on Ward 23. When I expressed the wish to return to work, I was interested to consider alternative employment in a less stressful area, which had been the intention of the meeting as had been proposed by the Occupational Health Doctor. I was informed that no alternative had been found and that I would have to work in the same ward that had twice caused me to be ill in the past. Matron admitted that the ward remained understaffed and that some newly-appointed staff were “not yet up to full competency”. I expressed my anxiety, but felt compelled to agree to return to work on 14th January 2008. Unfortunately, I found myself unable to comply with the terms of the planned return to work, due to sleep problems.

I think one’s feelings waste themselves in words; they ought all to be distilled into actions which bring results.” Florence Nightingale

On January 31st 2008, I submitted my first Grievance complaining that the Trust had abused my rights under the Whistleblowing Policy.

The Investigation Report, running to some 120 pages, was published in April 2008 and was discussed at a Formal Grievance Hearing on 13th May 2008. The report comprehensively criticised the Trust’s handling of the matters and laid blame for my illness on this, clearly stating that I was suffering from “work-related stress injury”. Revealing that the Trust had yet, after nearly 12 months, to begin investigating my allegations, it confirmed that confidentiality had been breached and no feedback provided. It recommended that arrangements be made for me to end my employment with dignity.

Upon reading the whole of the attached evidence and testimonies, I realised that I had very grave differences with some of the statements made to the investigation. I hoped to discuss these anomalies when I met the Divisional Senior Nurse in June 2008. I was disappointed to hear him admit that he had read only the first four pages of the report, i.e. the Summary, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations, but not all the attached appendices. He therefore had no knowledge of the issues I wished to raise and saw the meeting purely as a Return to Work interview, despite what he ought to have read in the Recommendations section. He would later conspire with the “HR Business Partner”, in evidence to Tribunal, denying telling me that he had read only 4 pages of the report. (This denial was of great interest to my Barrister who noted that he had declared in writing that he had only read the Summary.) He spoke about possibilities of finding placement for me in another area, but admitted that all wards were stressful. He seemed puzzled when I expressed doubts about working in a nursing team again. I indicated my lack of faith in the management of these “teams”.

3 monkeys

I found myself cast back into a depression that, after all the ground gained in the Grievance process, I could yet locate no-one in the Trust with the time/inclination to acquaint themselves thoroughly with my situation.

I submitted a further Grievance dated 30.11.2008, which complained that there was an earlier instance of the Trust not dealing properly with serious reports. This second Grievance specifically referred to the June 2005 report I had made concerning the withholding of fluid infusions. It was designed to reveal weakness and evasion in the testimony of Sister D to the original Grievance Investigation and her attempts to discredit me, arising as they did from the breach of confidentiality. I suspected that I had not received feedback, because the report had not been passed on properly.

The second Grievance Investigation Report was completed on 9th January 2009. During the painfully long period between its completion and its Hearing, the Trust Occupational Health Physician received a referral for me from the Divisional Senior Nurse, who had expressed concern about my mental health. This resulted in my attending sessions of treatment with a Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. Upon review by Occupational Health Dept., the Doctor replied to Senior Nurse stating that my mental condition was in “status quo“, (i.e. without prospect of improvement), while delay in dealing with the underlying issues continued. There was no apparent resulting contact or discernible hastening of the process. The Trust’s concern for my mental health did not, it seems, stretch as far as an obligation to comply with its own stated timescales. The Trust’s Grievance Procedure calls for timely response: …expeditiously address disputes raised by staff,…managers should ensure that grievances are answered and resolved as speedily as possible , …timescales given should be seen as a maximum. Despite repeated appeals, from myself, for adherence to the Procedure’s principles, I was to be allowed to go on suffering until such time as the glacial Trust might “in due course” reach a determination.

The Grievance Hearing of April 28th 2009, held after inexcusable and unexplained delay by the Trust of over 15 weeks, upheld my complaint; the report in question having been found in a Matron’s archive files, unactioned and unacknowledged for almost 4 years. The report made reference to an intent to hasten the death of selective patients and can hardly be imagined to be more serious. It would have been most helpful to me to have been given the opportunity to discuss the content at the time. This, not least, because I knew that there was at least one other nurse who shared the view, that some patients ought to have their deaths hastened improperly. The Trust apologised to me for any distress caused in a formal written acknowledgement of Grievance Findings.

During the Hearing however, I found that I had to explain my motives to the Chairman, Mr P. Downey, who asked me, “Where is all this leading?” I might have hoped that attempting to shed light, into the darker areas of Trust failure, would be appreciated for its own sake. We ought never to ask where events may lead, when we decide to do the right thing. I told him that I thought that I had almost taken the decision not to continue nursing, no easy move to make concerning my only means of support. He wrote later insisting that I had simply declared that I did not intend to continue nursing! The Chairman had already revealed that his nursing degree had taught him little when he suggested that S/N A’s victims may have been patients who were on the “Liverpool Care Pathway”. This is a detestable backdoor-euthanasia practice by which “terminal” patients are deliberately, but “legitimately”, dehydrated to death. Had he any experience of such matters, he would have seen that his hopeful suggestion could not be the case. Doctors do not prescribe fluids for “Liverpool Pathway” patients, so nurses cannot decide to arbitrarily withhold them at will later.

I did find it less than surprising to learn from the Grievance Investigator that, when questioned about the report of June 2005, the unforthcoming Sr D told him that she had “no recollection” of it. Amnesia gets the better of her yet. That was, we may hope, the most serious report a Ward Manager might ever see in her career. Her innocence is incompatible with practical considerations of the manuscript’s passage from Sr.C to Matron’s archives. I cannot now hang on to hope that the Trust will show any interest in exploring further Sr.D’s remarkably unreliable powers of recall. It must remain my assertion that future unseemly events on her ward are likely to be “forgotten”, in the interests of keeping up appearances.

So now that’s two upheld Grievances,
…for what they’re worth.

There is no part of my life, upon which I can look back without pain” Florence Nightingale

In summary, I believe that I have been ignored and abandoned by the Trust, betrayed by some of its members, defamed by my Manager and estranged from my colleagues, because I dared to bear the full responsibilites of my position. I felt it my duty to draw attention to the evidence that one colleague was acting malevolently to patients and yet another was dishonest and slovenly. It was my clear duty to inform management and, naively, I relied on their support. I did not expect any recognition for this. I wished only for the concerns to be rectified and to be allowed to continue my work. I could not have fully appreciated then what incompetence, complacency and self-interest would make of my efforts. As a result, one nurse was allowed to retire without being questioned about very serious neglect of duty, possibly attempted murder, and a second allowed to avoid facing charges of Gross Misconduct, by resigning to find NHS employment elsewhere. In admitting and apologising for failures, the Trust has shown only an eagerness to put any damage behind them. This was done without showing me any reason to desire trusting what remains of my career to one of their badly-managed and ill-disciplined “nursing teams”. I’m sure I’ve seen better-led flocks of seagulls! I am sure that the secretive Sister D will be able to quickly “forget” all the unpleasantness her concealments have caused. It is unlikely that I will find that so easy. When my NMC Registration came up for renewal, I had to submit my application forms to the Trust for their endorsement. They “lost” my forms, TWICE! I got the message & gave up my Nurse Registration. Stuff it!

Management have distanced themselves from the vexing daily dilemmas to be found at ward level. Their cool superiority can intimidate even Nursing Sisters into concealment of raw facts. A widely-held belief, that complaint will not be listened to or handled professionally, has silenced many staff. The Trust has never, in 20 years, sought my opinion on any meaningful practical subject. Staff surveys are prejudiced and limited in scope. All staff suggestions are dismissed in one of two ways: either they are too trivial however inexpensive, or they are too expensive. Disinterested in patient problems, Trust management continue to trumpet their achievements in Trust magazines, press and TV, as well as in applications to Government. The pursuit of “Foundation Trust” status has only made this situation worse. Nothing that may conceivably detract from the achievement of Flagship recognition can be allowed any attention. Such management diversions allow staff to work independently and unsupervised, adopting whatever disagreeable practice or expedience, confident that detection is unlikely and can be relied upon not to result in any form of accountability. The results undermine the whole profession. However unpleasantly old-fashioned it may appear, reports, investigations and disciplinary measures must again become a common and familiar feature of “Clinical Governance”, or we may be forced to buttress that sham with the old faith in “Angels”. As I have revealed here, no report damaging to management reputation will be investigated or acted upon, even if it does contain information relating to an intent to murder, or practice likely to endanger the lives of patients. Business interests, image and appearance have become everything. We need not care for patients, but we must appear to do so. This cannot be the way in which the public expects a hospital to be run. Indeed it owes more to the style of dishonest doorstep sales than the business of caring. Such a scandalous situation deserves my most strenuous attention.

On 20th July 2009, as yet unable to interest any management member in the whole truth, I was obliged to submit my resignation from the post of Staff Nurse. “Take this damn badge off o’me.”

P.S. By cleverly exploiting my financial dire straits, brought about by the illness incurred from the stress caused to me by whistleblowing, the Trust obliged me to agree to give them “time to look for alternative employment in a less-stressful area”. After a lengthy search, they admitted that there were no such opportunities available – “All the wards are busy & stressful.” By this time, any claim I might have made to Employment Tribunal was “time-barred”. I paid £9000 in legal fees to discover this deception and felt compelled in 2010 to sign a non-disclosure agreement to recover that sum. Patient Safety concerns had successfully been concealed. Russell Dunkeld

“Ex-Nurse accuses Trust of Freedom to Speak Up sham.” Lancaster Guardian 21/07/16

Lancaster Guardian 21.07.16 001


The Trust has replied! Everything is alright now, apparently.
Mrs Bruce said: “I am always prepared to see anyone who has a concern – medical staff, support staff, volunteers.” “The aim of this post is to encourage people to speak up – that’s what is best for the patients.”


Don’t shoot the messenger!


A Long History of Whistleblower Abuse.

Even before 347BC, Plato is said to have observed that “No-one is more hated than he who speaks the truth.”

Vilification of the whistleblower clearly began a very long time ago. Centuries later, it had become a well-established way of dealing with bad news.

In 69 BC, a large Roman Army led by the Consul Lucullus, was seen to be approaching Tigranocerta, the Royal City of the Armenian Empire. King Tigranes was less than happy to hear this.

“The first messenger to give notice of Lucullus’ coming was so far from pleasing King Tigranes that he had his head cut off for his pains, and no man dared bring further information. Without any intelligence at all, Tigranes sat, while war was already blazing around him, giving ear only to those who flattered him.”

The Romans destroyed his city and plundered the King’s Treasury. Though a great many agencies & reviews, since those times, have claimed to have put an end to such injustice, they have all failed to provide adequate protection for the Whistleblower.

Breaking News: June 6th 1944… Allied forces launch an invasion of “Fortress Europe” on five beaches in Normandy, France. As 156,000 Allied troops land by sea & air, the Nazi Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler is asleep. No-one dares to wake him with bad news. Crucial hours will be lost before command decisions can be transmitted to defenders. Stay tuned for updates as they come in…this one could go either way!

Whistleblowing Policy


Morecambe Bay Trust’s Policy on Whistleblowing has been “reviewed” twice since I reported the malpractice(s) I witnessed in 2005 & 2007. Despite this, there is no appreciable difference between the three documents. Whenever difficulties or failures are exposed, the Trust issues apologies and platitudes, expecting the public to be satisfied that, We are reviewing our policies.”

In fact there was very little wrong with the existing Policy had anyone involved troubled themselves to adhere to it. As a result, I am strongly of the opinion that such policies are written solely to fulfil external directives, then quickly consigned to a drawer, to be dusted off and proudly displayed whenever Inspectors require to see them. I quote from the Policy as it was in 2008.

“If you raise a genuine concern about this policy, you will not be at risk of losing your job or suffering any form of retribution as a result.”

I was eventually obliged to resign my post on principle that on both occasions my concerns had not been investigated at all. I expect that the Trust would here maintain that I was NOT at risk of dismissal had I chosen to return to work and remain silent about management failures to prioritise patient safety. During my ordeal, I was subjected to several detriments and retributions.

• My immediate Manager ignored and refused to speak to me.

• I was presented with competency hurdles as if there was doubt concerning my abilities.

• Several trivial, wholly irrelevant and unsubstantiated allegations about my own conduct were made in statements by other staff members (who were in any case indirectly implicated in my original concerns).

• I was threatened with dismissal if I did not return to work on the same ward that had already twice caused me to be ill.

• Insinuations were made concerning my mental health, even after the Trust had formally acknowledged that they had caused me to suffer a stress/anxiety injury.

• I was ‘persuaded’ to undergo a course of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy with a Trust Counsellor, (this despite the Trust Occupational Health Physician’s assertion that, in his opinion, my condition was “in status quo” pending resolution of my original concerns). The full transcript of these “Confidential” sessions was subsequently presented to Employment Tribunal as “evidence” (of what was never made clear).

“We will not tolerate the harassment or victimisation of anyone raising a genuine concern. However, we recognise that you may, nonetheless, want to raise a concern in confidence under this policy. If you ask us to protect your identity by keeping your confidence, we will not disclose it without your consent.”

• Within days of raising my second major concern, my confidentiality had been breached by Matron. This breach brought about my illness and was later formally acknowledged by a Trust Grievance Hearing.

“We will not tolerate harassment or victimisation and will take action to protect you when you raise a concern in good faith.”

• The Trust has recently admitted that much more ought to have been done to support me.

“Once you have told us of your concern, we will look into it to assess what action should be taken.”

• Grievance Hearings admitted that no investigations into either of my original concerns were ever begun, despite several letters written to me titled “Re: Ongoing Investigation”.

Indeed the only investigations made were into me, my mental health, my sickness record, my character, my conduct.

• The Trust would later insist to local & national press that the investigations of my Formal Grievances were investigations into those concerns. This is NOT the case. Both Grievance Investigations were confined to the breaches, including breaches of the Whistleblowing Policy, committed by the Trust itself. The original concerns were not looked into, not even after the Trust had been obliged to formally admit that it had failed to investigate.

“Within 21 days of you having raised a concern, we will write to you summarising your concern and setting out how we propose to handle it or if not, why not.”

• In both of my Formal Grievance Hearings, the Trust was forced to admit that no written acknowledgement had been provided.

“…we will give you as much feedback as we possibly can…”

• In both of my Formal Grievance Hearings, the Trust was forced to admit that no written feedback had been provided.


• In view of the breach of each and every one of those assurances, on two separate occasions, there can be little choice but to conclude that the Policy is, in practice certainly, insincere. It is interesting to note that the two subsequent policy reviews, (both carried out by a manager who was put in overall charge of my case, who personally threatened me with dismissal and chaired my first Grievance Hearing) have not materially improved the Policy or indeed altered it very much at all, save to change a few of the words used. No emphasis has been placed upon requirement of strict observance of the Policy itself. None of the versions contain mention of disciplinary action to be taken against those who might harass or victimise the whistleblower.

In the absence of the goodwill required from management to actually apply the Policy’s intentions, I believe that future whistleblowers will continue to find themselves standing alone against a powerful authority which has shown itself to be quite unable to countenance criticism.

Russell Dunkeld

20th June 2015

A Nurse in Never-Ever Event Land

“The term ‘never event’ was first introduced in 2001 in reference to particularly shocking medical errors that should never occur.” … Care Quality Commission

neverlandIn 2007, I made a report to Morecambe Bay Trust management that a patient had been injured by inappropriate insertion of a naso-gastric feeding tube which had resulted in ‘Aspiration Pneumonia’ or feed being pumped into the lung(s). Misplaced naso-gastric tubes are listed as ‘never events’ because they ought never to happen. The patient died 10 days later. The Death Certificate did not blame the never-event; as though it had never happened. When the Trust failed to initiate any investigation of the incident, I resigned my post as Staff Nurse citing Trust failure to prioritise patient safety.

Four years later, I read, the Trust was responsible for the death of another patient by the same means:

NORTH-WEST EVENING MAIL Thursday, 20 February 2014

Hospital patient had feeding tube in lung A HOSPITAL patient died days after a wrongly placed feeding tube was found in their lung. The catastrophic error was one of nine “never events” – mistakes so bad they should never have taken place – recorded at the University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust during the three-year period spanning 2011, 2012 and 2013. UHMBT faced a clinical negligence claim for one of the events, the misplacement of a naso-gastric feeding tube at its Royal Lancaster Infirmary site in 2011. Confirming details of the incident the Trust said: “The patient had an NG tube in situ and had been fed through this tube and feeds had been running for four hours in total. The patient experienced right-sided chest pain and an urgent chest x-ray showed the NG tube in the right lung. The patient died two days later.”

“We take these events extremely seriously, investigate them thoroughly and ensure that we share learning from each to minimise any re-occurrence of a similar event.

“The safety of our patients is our priority and we actively encourage members of staff to report any events which take place where they have concerns that patient care may have been compromised.”

Plus ca change, plus c’est la meme chose…

Now please recall that, in 2007, the Trust had failed to investigate an identical event. When I took out a Formal Grievance in 2008, on that very subject, the Trust admitted the failure, but again failed to initiate any investigation. Imagine then my surprise, to read that the Trust Press Responses to inquiries from both a national and a local newspaper assured readers that “The Trust did carry out investigations into many of these concerns, in 2008…”


The Sound of Silence

I first heard this song in 1970, but had never fully appreciated the significance of the lyrics until Morecambe Bay NHS Trust attempted to conceal what I had reported to them. Every effort was made to stop anyone from hearing what I had witnessed. When they had cheated and lied their way to overcoming my efforts to expose their failures to prioritise patient safety, they forced me, under financial duress, to sign a Compromise Agreement, complete with Confidentiality “Gagging” Clause. At that time, the Trust’s much-trumpeted reputation could not be challenged. Silence thus preserved, they went on to record the highest Hospital Mortality Rate in the country. Board “resignations”, Coroners’ verdicts, Police investigations, Media revelations, NHS Watchdog inspection failures, Special Measures, DoH Inquiry and utter disgrace followed in rapid succession.

“Today, the name of Morecambe Bay has been added to a roll of dishonoured NHS names…” … Dr Kirkup, Chair of Morecambe Bay Investigation, March 2015

I have taken the liberty of editing the lyrics, though the words pretty much stand up for themselves.

The lookouts reported seeing an iceberg ahead...

“Silence like a cancer grows”

Hello, darkness, my old friend
I’ve come to talk with you again
Because a vision softly creeping
Left its seeds while I was sleeping
And the vision that was planted in my brain
Still remains
Within the sound of silence

In restless dreams I walked alone
Narrow streets of cobblestone
‘Neath the halo of a streetlamp
I turned my collar to the cold and damp
When my eyes were stabbed by the flash of a neon light
That split the night
And touched the sound of silence

And in the naked light I saw
Ten thousand people, maybe more
People talking without speaking
People hearing without listening
People writing songs that voices never shared
No one dared
Disturb the sound of silence

“Fools,” said I, “You do not know
Silence like a cancer grows
Hear my words that I might teach you
Take my arms that I might reach you”
But my words like silent raindrops fell
And echoed in the wells of silence

And the people bowed and prayed
To the neon god Trust they made
And the sign flashed out its warning
In the words that it was forming

And the sign said, “The words of the prophets whistleblower
Are written on the subway Facebook walls
And tenement Twitter halls scrolls
And whispered in the sounds of silence”

Knocking on Heaven’s Door? Hunting for Redress.

 “It’s getting dark, too dark to see,

Feel I’m Knocking on Heaven’s Door”

To Rt Hon Jeremy Hunt MP Secretary of State for Health House of Commons London SW1A 0AA

Dear Mr Hunt,

An apology and practical redress

Following the example of Mr Gary Walker, I write to ask you for “an apology and practical redress”.

I refer you to the Complaints and Raising Concerns Report – Fourth Report, by the Health Select Committee, Published 24 January 2015[1]: Recommendation at paragraph 115 “We expect the NHS to respond in a timely, honest and open manner to patients, and we must expect the same for staff. We recommend that there should be a programme to identify whistleblowers who have suffered serious harm and whose actions are proven to have been vindicated, and provide them with an apology and practical redress.”

The above suggests that you will be looking for three requirements:

• A whistleblower

• Who has suffered serious harm

• That whistleblower is vindicated

I propose the following definitions:

• To be a “whistleblower” you need only raise concerns qualifying for protection under Section 43 of the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998. There is no legal requirement for a finding in a tribunal merely the existence of the qualifying disclosure.

• To have suffered “serious harm” Resignation on declared principles with resultant loss of income, pension, career, status, and employment prospects should qualify.

• To be “vindicated” should require a finding either from a tribunal or court judgement or the finding of subsequent inquiries, CQC investigations, or police investigations.

• Did I disclose concerns qualifying for protection under Section 43 of the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998?

Yes. I made 2 qualifying* disclosures, concerning serious risks to the lives of patients, which were both ignored and not investigated. These failures were admitted by the Trust in two separate Formal Grievance Hearings.

*Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998. Protected disclosures. Disclosures qualifying for protection:
(1)In this Part a “qualifying disclosure” means any disclosure of information which, in the reasonable belief of the worker making the disclosure, tends to show one or more of the following—
(a)that a criminal offence has been committed, is being committed or is likely to be committed,
(b)that a person has failed, is failing or is likely to fail to comply with any legal obligation to which he is subject,
(d)that the health or safety of any individual has been, is being or is likely to be endangered,
(f)that information tending to show any matter falling within any one of the preceding paragraphs has been, is being or is likely to be deliberately concealed.

• Did I suffer “serious harm” with resultant loss of income, pension, career, status, and employment prospects?

Yes. Morecambe Bay Trust failed to initiate investigations upon my first reporting of concerns and also after admitting those failures at Grievance Hearings. They admitted causing me a stress injury incurred as a result of these and other failures. They failed to demonstrate to me that my upheld Grievances had brought about investigation of my concerns or any improvement in the handling of staff concerns. I will not take any part in a conspiracy to convince patients that they are being cared for while management fail to prioritise safety.

“Take this damned badge off o’me,

I can’t use it anymore.”

Consequently, on that principle, I was obliged to resign my position as Staff Nurse with University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Trust in 2009, with the expressed intention of having Employment Tribunal examine the failings of management at Royal Lancaster Infirmary to protect the safety of patients. Under the duress of having been cut off financially, while remaining incapable of work due to the stress injury caused to me, I was coerced to give the Trust time to look for alternative employment for me, although they failed to offer anything acceptable. After spending £9000 on legal fees, I was advised that by conceding to that delay, I had been tricked into “continuing my employment”, in legal terms. I could not then complain to Tribunal about the admitted breaches, because I could be deemed to have accepted those breaches by ‘continuing my employment’ in that way. I was obliged to enter into a Compromise Agreement with a “Gagging Clause”. I was made the subject of further harassment when my applications for Renewal of Nurse Registration were twice “lost” and not submitted by Trust managers resulting in my NMC Nurse Registration being lapsed. Consequently, I have lost income, pension, career, status, and employment prospects.

• Was I vindicated by the findings of subsequent inquiries and/or police investigations?

Yes. The Trust admitted failing to investigate my concerns (among other failures) and causing injury to me in two upheld Formal Grievance Reports. The consequences for patient safety by my being silenced can only be guessed at, but neglect of safety at Trust hospitals has since become a matter of public disgrace.

  • By 2011 Morecambe Bay Trust had the highest mortality rate in the country.

  • The Morecambe Bay Investigation into the deaths of mothers and babies declared “Today, the name of Morecambe Bay has been added to a roll of dishonoured NHS names that stretches from Ely Hospital to Mid Staffordshire.”

  • The Trust, now in “Special Measures”, remains the subject of ongoing Police investigation.

  • You yourself found reason to tell The House, “The Royal Lancaster Infirmary is not the main focus of the Kirkup report, but of course as part of the same Trust it suffered from the same management failings. There are Members of this House who have had problems at the Royal Lancaster Infirmary and found that they were not listened to when they made complaints, because proper management was not in place.”

Sir Robert Francis, in his Freedom to Speak Up review published on 11 February 2015, recommended “principle 12″ in which he said: Action 12.1 NHS England, the NHS Trust Development Authority and Monitor should jointly devise and establish a support scheme for NHS workers and former NHS workers whose performance is sound and who can demonstrate that they are having difficulty finding employment in the NHS as result of having made protected disclosures. Action 12.2 All NHS organisations should actively support a scheme to help current and former NHS workers whose performance is sound to find alternative employment in the NHS.

Will you now provide an apology and practical redress to me? Will you now ensure that all whistleblowers will get an apology and practical redress? I await your response and would be delighted to meet with you to discuss this.

Yours sincerely,

Russell Dunkeld

[1] http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmhealth/350/35002.htm

With thanks to Gary Walker ex-CEO United Lincolnshire NHS Trust.

beggar “Spare a bit o’ Practical Redress for a whistleblower, Guvnor?”

07/11/2017 I have never received a reply or acknowledgement from Secretary of State Jeremy Hunt.

MY Morecambe Bay Investigation

The Report of MY OWN

Morecambe Bay Investigation

The chilling prospect of a statistical nightmare looms out of the fog!


Culture Change


University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust?

Deaths at Morecambe Bay TrustDelay, Defend, Deny

• I reported a nurse who admitted switching off prescribed fluid infusions, preventing administration to poorly dependent patients. • The report was unacknowledged, unactioned, date-stamped and filed.

• I reported wages fraud. • The Trust decided that “although it did appear to be fraudulent, the amount was not worth pursuing”.

• I reported an improper procedure carried out on a patient which caused injury and life was put at risk. • The report was unacknowledged and not investigated.

• I had two Formal Grievances upheld. • The Trust used trickery and lies to avoid Employment Tribunal penalties.

• I submitted applications for Renewal of my Nurse Registration. • The Trust “lost” my applications…TWICE…I lost my Registration.

• The Trust admitted causing me a work-related stress injury.

• The Trust cancelled my Temporary Injury Allowance without applying for Permanent Injury Benefit.

  • The Trust made insinuations about my mental health, despite having already admitted responsibility for my condition.

  • They insisted that I attend Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, then presented the transcript of my confidential CBT sessions to Employment Tribunal as evidence.

• I requested ill-health retirement on resignation. • The Trust assured me that my pension was being set up on ill-health grounds but failed to do so.

• The Trust eventually (9 years late) agreed that they ought to investigate one concern…but were unable as one involved was seriously ill ‘on her death-bed’. • 9 months later, that same nurse was found to be living independently and able to answer questions.

• The Trust agreed to investigate another concern (7 years late). • The Trust fell silent on the subject for 9 months.

• I contacted CQC. • The Trust immediately claimed to have completed investigation 6 months earlier.

• I asked for a copy of results. • The Trust ignored the request.

• I gave evidence to Morecambe Bay Investigation. • Trust suddenly “anxious to meet to share findings of investigation”.

• My story was published in a national newspaper. • Trust respond claiming “the lack of detailed evidence available to us at this time means we are unable, so many years later, to substantiate the issues he raised.”…”our Trust, like many across the country, has worked hard to tighten its whistleblowing policies, and has seen a sea-change in the way it responds to and investigates staff concerns.”

New Trust requires Non-Exec directors who do not have NHS experience!

Since telling the world that there can be no investigation findings, “unable, so many years later, to substantiate the issues he raised“, the Trust has made repeated invitations to meet me to “share” the non-existent findings.

So was there an investigation… with findings that could be shared …or not?

No “sea-change” there then? But perhaps we can hope that the tide is going out!

Titanic Trust Sinks! 247 feared dead!“Today, the name of Morecambe Bay has been added to a roll of dishonoured NHS names that stretches from Ely Hospital to Mid Staffordshire.”…Report of The Morecambe Bay Investigation published 3rd March 2015 titanic rests

A Disbelieving World…

“The Invaders, alien beings from a dying planet, their purpose to make it THEIR ward.

Russell has seen them. For him, it began one lost night on a lonely NHS ward, looking for a management that he never found. It began with the landing of a craft from another philosophy. Now Russell knows that the Invaders are here, that they have taken Foundation Status. Somehow, he must convince a disbelieving world that the nightmare has already begun…”

The guest stars in tonight’s story: CQC, The Earl Howe, PHSO, Sir Robert Francis QC, Sir David Nicholson and supporting cast.


Public Concern at Work: “We strongly recommend that you follow internal procedures and give the Trust opportunity to address the issues. It may damage your case if you involve external bodies.”


My Formal Grievance was upheld and Trust admitted not investigating my concerns.


A second Formal Grievance was upheld admitting that concerns had not been investigated.


Robert Francis QC: I was very sorry to read about your experiences as a whistleblower and the serious consequences this has had for you…”


Morecambe Bay Trust achieve Foundation Status


Morecambe Bay Trust achieve highest Hospital Mortality Rate.


David Morris MP (Morecambe & Lunesdale): “I was concerned to read of your experience both at the time, and of the longer term effects that you continue to endure.”

The Right Hon. The Earl Howe PC, Dept of Health: “I was very sorry to hear of Mr Dunkeld’s experiences and his concerns about how whistleblowers are treated… I hope this reply is helpful.”


Sir David Nicholson, Chief Executive of the NHS, told MPs on the Public Accounts Committee that whistleblowers who have been gagged will be written to and told they can finally speak out. “You may be aware that a new CEO, Jackie Daniel, started at the Trust last year. You may wish to contact her directly to inform her of your concerns…”

Now free to speak up…but no-one is listening!

Jackie Daniel CEO Morecambe Bay Trust: “You may wish to meet with David Wilkinson, Human Resources Director, in the first instance,…”


BBC:The NHS story we were looking at has actually changed now to one about hospital hotels. Unfortunately the whistle-blowing one is not very prominent now on the website.”

Care Quality Commission: “CQC’s role is to check that health and social care services in England meet quality and safety standards; our role does not include investigating individual complaints and neither do we have the power to take up your individual complaints with the trust. You may be able to take this further with the Health Service Ombudsman.”

Health Service Ombudsman:I understand the CQC have advised you to contact us but, from the information available on their website, they would be the appropriate organisation to consider your concerns.”

David Wilkinson, HR Director: “…we are unable, so many years later, to substantiate the issues he raised.”


Morecambe Bay Investigation: Thank you for taking the time to bring your concerns about University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust to our attention.”

Eight bloody years! Are there serious failings occurring now? We won’t hear about them until 2023!

Breaking News:

– always happy to meet russell. My office will arrange